Poverty in India is one of the major factors hindering the development of the country. The foremost cause responsible for poverty is lack of employment oppertunities as per qualification and skills set of the people. About 70% of the population are involved with the work of agriculture but due to lack of new technologies and proper support the rate of productivity is less in addition to that presence of different corrupted mediators in the selling process they hardly get to recover the amount invested. Since Jharkhand have a high tribal population hence, agriculture is their only source of income which tends to delay their progress. Therefore, LEADS like many other organizations are working hard in Jharkhand to develop agriculture, bring up new prospect of employability and engage people with some source of income genration activity.
MGNREGA-NRLM Convergence CFT Strategy
The programme is an initiative of the Government to ensure 100 days job to people every year in rural areas to support them and decrease the rate of migration. LEADS is working in this convergence programme in 3 Blocks, i.e. Murhu, Bandgaon and Mahuadanr in Khunti, West Singbhum and Latehar District respectively. The programme mainly aims at awareness creation and work demand generation. The few process involved in the execution of the programme are identification and planning for works that converge with the livelihood plans, then worksite execution and measurement, next ensure payment of wages to MGNREGA workers can be done through a revolving fund, then making provision of capacity building and training for all stakeholders involved including PRIs and finally community monitoring.
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojna (MKSP)
To improve the present status of women in Agriculture and to enhance the opportunities for their empowerment, Government of India has announced “Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana” (MKSP) as a sub component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM). LEADS is implementing Mahila Kisan Sashktikaran Pariyojana in 75 villages (25 villages in each Block) of 3 Blocks namely Mahuadanr of Latehar District, Murhu Block of Khunti District and Bandgaon Block of West Singhbhum District since April 2014. The project aims to create and promote sustainable agriculture based livelihood opportunities to 3030 women farmers in project villages with their incremental income of Rs 25000/- per year. Strengthening of 250 SHGs, promotion of 130 Producer Groups, 3 block level federation, promoting 80 best practicing women farmers as Community Resource Person, promotion of 20 Para Professionals for Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, forestry, NRM to facilitate the whole process are the key components of the project.
Empowering Tribal / Marginalized Community for Entitlements Realization and Food Security in Referral Areas
ANDHERI project helps to strengthen community based organization (50 SHGs and 12 Gram Sabhas) in 12 villages namely Perka, Hassa Bandhtoli, Hesel, Gingira, Burju, Charid, Duluwa, Bajigama, Jobe, Ghaghra Bandhtoli, Ruitola and Otengora (Raydih) of Murhu Block in Khunti District. The project aims at empowering PRI members of the area to further reinforce and strengthen 96 social leaders (50% female and 50% male i.e. 8 Social Leaders from each village) and build their capacity on Human Rights / Fundamental Rights, women and child rights, NREGA, PRIs, government schemes, structure and function of Block and linkages opportunities for rural youths, etc.
Rural Empowerment for Entitlement Realisation (REER)
The programme “Rural Empowerment and Entitlement Realisation (REER)” is operating in 10 villages of respective five Districts, namely Latehar, Lohardaga, Simdega, West Singhbhum and Saraikela in Jharkhand. Total 50 villages will be covered from 5 districts to develop a model on holistic development of marginalised group with better advocacy inputs in the State. The programme constitutes an integrated approach to all issues prevalent in the community and aims at linking the community i.e. the SMC members, Gram Sabha members, SHG members, etc. with the Government schemes through different motivating and awareness generation activities. Through this project social leaders are also encouraged from among the community to sustain the chain of delivery mechanism in the community.
Community Engagement for Sustainable Livelihoods and Financial Inclusion of the Ultra Poor
This project aims to support the most vulnerable populations to create a sustainable pathway out of extreme poverty through livelihood development programme through the Graduation Approach. This project is being implemented by LEADS holding hand of Trickle Up in 3 Blocks (namely, Mandu, Churchu and Dadi) in Ramgarh and Hazaribag District of Jharkhand. Through this project 1000 ultra poor women and 3000 poor women will be identified and provided with sustainable livelihood options.
Status of 2015-16:
|Name of the Project||Donor||Intervention Area||Number of Beneficiaries Covered||Theme of the Project||Achievement|
|CFT||Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society (GoJ and GoI)||Murhu Block in Khunti District,Bandgaon Block in West Singhbhum District and Mahuadanr Block in Latehar District||21930 households (7500 in Murhu, 7430 in Latehar and 7000 in West Singbhum dist.)||Employment Generation, Migration Control, Soil and water conservation and Women participation in MGNREGA||Total job card made were 2234 and about 1956 bank accounts were opened.
Work demand generation was done by 2267 people and to 181 labour groups were formed.
Total schemes taht were finalised were 4760.
Total 919 SHG mates were trained.
|MKSP||NRLM-JSLPS, Government of India and Government of Jharkhand||Murhu Block in Khunti District,Bandgaon Block in West Singhbhum District and Mahuadanr Block in Latehar District||1825 Household||Livelihood, Women Empowerment, Bio-diversity||Promoted 269 SHGs out of which 182 SHGs are following Panchshutra.
80 CRPs and 20 Para Professionals were promoted through various training and exposure with practical demonstration in their field.
17 producer groups, 9 village organisations and 2 Block federations were promoted.
121 SHG got revolving fund of NRLM.
1825 HH are applying INM/NPM method and 678 households are fully practicing INM/NPM technology as per prototype.
Physical Assets Cultivator- 80, Mini Spryer- 90, Marker-10, Weeder- 60, Nursery Tray- 1000, Antivector net- 500 mtr Created through leverage funds.
Average net Income of the Family increased from Rs 8500/- to Rs. 18000/-
680 households (Mahila Kisan) were linked with different schemes like Cow shed, Poultry shed, Goatry shed, Land levelling, Pond, Well construction Toilet, Indira Awas Yojna, etc. under MGNREGA.
|Entitlements Realisation of Marginalised Community through Empowerment||Andheri Hilfe Bonn||Murhu Block in Khunti District||Total Beneficiaries are 1020 (SHG Members – 540, Gram Sabha members – 480, Social Leaders – 96, Adiwasi – 960)||Empowering Tribal / Marginalized Community for entitlements realization and food security in referral areas||400 families from 40 SHGs started income generation activities.
180 families started kitchen garden.
320 families adopted organic agriculture practices.
180 poorest families got benefit from different government schemes as per their entitlement (MGNREGA, IAY, etc.)
|REER||BFdW, Germany||Latehar, West Singhbhum, and Khunti District||11,475 marginalised people, mostly Adivasis and Dalits living in 50 selected villages in the above mentioned 5 districts of Jharkhand||Integrated Approach||The Gram Sabhas, SMCs and WSHGs have been promoted and strengthened in most of the villages and now they are actively taking part in the decision making process.
All the villagers participated in Yozana Banao Abhiyan and School Development Plan preparation and submission to the Govt. in their villages.
Some of the WSHGs have been linked with the Banks.
Each village have selected 3 male and 3 female social leaders who will help the villagers in their development. These social leaders are working to link with different departments for Old Age Pension, Widow Pension, Job Card, Birth Certificate, Death Certificate, etc.
|Sustainable Livelihoods and Financial Inclusion of the Ultra Poor||Trickle Up||Mandu Block of Ramgarh District & Churchu and Dadi Blocks of Hazaribag District||1000 women||Livelihood, Women Empowerment||1000 ultra poor women have been identified|